Mon Jan 27 13:13:35 CST 1997 Article: 5565 of alt.conspiracy.jfk.moderated
Path: news.primenet.com!jmcadams From: email@example.com (John McAdams)
Newsgroups: alt.conspiracy.jfk.moderated Subject: Stockwell Critique
of Files Story - 5 Date: 23 Jan 1997 21:24:03 -0700 Organization: PrimeNet
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alt.conspiracy.jfk.moderated:5565 FROM: John R. Stockwell, 105475,2627
Re: The Files Confession,
Summary of Files's
Part A: Files states
that his name was James Sutton until late 1963, when it was changed
to James E. Files with the aid of the government, so that he could marry
and live a normal life free of harassment and other risks which might
have arisen from his activities with a radical Cuban group. Files served
in the 82nd Airborne in Laos from 1959 for about 14 months. He was involved
in training people to do ambushes. After that, he did some race driving,
and his abilities attracted the attention of Charles Nicoletti, who
recruited him as his personal driver.
At that time, Tony
Accardo ran the Chicago Mob. On November 22, 1963, Files went to Dealey
Plaza in Dallas about 10 a.m. He checked the area, discussed the assassination
plan with Nicoletti. It began with Nicoletti around five months earlier.
Files had a connection with the Bay of Pigs operation. He was at No
Name Key (gives two other names for it also). His CIA controller was
David Atlee Phillips.
Files if he wanted to help him kill "a friend of yours," knowing that
Files hated Kennedy. At first, files thought it was a local hit, but
Nicoletti told him the target was JFK. John Rosselli, out of Miami,
was involved. Files met Rosselli through Phillips. The original plan
was to hit JFK in Chicago, but no one was comfortable with doing it
there, so the idea was dropped. About a week before the assassination,
Files drove to Mesquite, Texas, with the weapons for the operation,
A day or so after he arrived, Lee Harvey Oswald came to him to show
him around the area. Oswald also took him to locations where he could
test and calibrate the weapons.
As far as he knows,
Oswald didn't know what the plan was. Files explored Dallas routes,
with the idea of getaway options. On November 22, Files drove to the
Cabana Motel, where he met Rosselli around 7 a.m.. They went to a pancake
house in Fort Worth, where Rosselli met with Jack Ruby, while Files
served as lookout. Ruby handed Rosselli an envelope, and left. They
opened the envelope in the car: it contained Secret Service identifications
and an updated motorcade route map; Rosselli commented that he saw only
one change, the double turn in Dealey Plaza.
They returned to
the Cabana. With Nicoletti, Files went to Dealey Plaza around 10 a.m.
They looked over the area further. Nicoletti asked if Files would back
him up as an extra shooter, if needed, and Files agreed. As his location,
he chose the area behind the fence on the grassy knoll. He suggested
Nicoletti fire from the Dal-Tex Building (Nicoletti had a rifle). They
separated, Files going to the railroad yard area and making preparations.
He had a briefcase with a Remington Fireball inside.
As the limousine
began coming down Elm Street, Files heard shots from behind it, and
assumed that was Nicoletti. He noticed JFK was hit, but only in the
body; and that Connally seemed to be hit. If he was going to fire, he
had to do it before he risked hitting Jackie, as they had been told
not to hit anyone but JFK, and especially not to shoot Jackie. He fired-just
after Nicoletti, it turned out, both hitting JFK in the head. Files'
bullet hit JFK in the left (actually, right, as he later explained)
temple. He put the gun into the briefcase, turned his coat from plaid
to gray business suit (reversible), and walked away via the Elm Street
extension to Houston Street. He had bit the shell casing, and left it
sitting on the fence, as a calling card, but no one realized it had
been bitten until 1994, he said.
At Houston, he
got into a 1963 Burgundy Chevrolet; Rosselli was in the back seat, and
Nicoletti in the front passenger seat. They were in a parking lot, and
exited turning right onto Houston, went 5 or 6 blocks, then turned left,
and near the freeway dropped the two off at another car. Files returned
to his room in Mesquite, cleansed himself with hot was to remove any
traces of powder, showered, changed, then took care of the guns. Nicoletti's
rifle was in the trunk, the briefcase was under the steering wheel;
both were taken care of, then placed in a special gun compartment inside
The next day, he
drove to Southern Illinois, and on Sunday, he drove on into Chicago.
He had been instructed to drive only during the day and not to attract
any attention. Sometime later, Nicoletti gave him $30,000 for the job,
although they hadn't ever discussed money. Files said he first met Lee
Harvey Oswald in early 1963, in connection with gun-running, in Clinton,
Louisiana, via David Atlee Phillips.
Both were doing
CIA work at the time. There was obviously some government involvement
in the assassination, as otherwise they wouldn't have gotten the Secret
Service identifications Ruby gave them. Phillips had given him the Remington
Fireball for an earlier job. Files said he saw Frank Sturgis among the
crowd of people on Elm Street. He also saw Eugene Brading, whom he had
seen at the Cabana with Nicoletti and Rosselli. Files knew Sturgis from
anti-Castro activities, as did Rosselli.
Files didn't see
Oswald at all that day. He and Oswald never discussed the assassination
plan. He would not comment on the murder of J.D. Tippit, except to say
that Oswald didn't kill Tippit, and the man who did was still alive
at the time of the interview (a later reference possibly referring to
the same man indicated he is now in his '80s), and had originally been
assigned to kill Oswald. The man came to see Files in Mesquite after
the assassination, saying there was a screwup and he had killed a cop.
Files said he saw Ruby in the Plaza, below the knoll near the sidewalk.
He said everyone reacted slowly to the shots. As he walked away from
the knoll, he noticed two men in suits behind him, turning people back.
He said he didn't see Zapruder, and wasn't sure what he would have done
if he thought he had been filmed, but he carried a Colt pistol, and
might have shot him. He also didn't realize Mary Moorman's camera had
photographed him, and declined the interviewer's request that he autograph
a copy of the photo.
The Remington Fireball
was designed in 1961, but had a tendency to blow up, so was re-designed.
It fired a .221 cal. long round. It was a bolt-action pistol with a
telescopic sight, effective at 100 yards; not unlike a cut-down rifle.
The shells were custom-made, with a mercury load, and fragmented on
impact. They were fired at 3100 feet per second. Files believed Giancana
gave Nicoletti his orders, and that Accardo had to know about it. In
response to a question, Files said he was receiving no money for this
interview. He talked about West's first contact, telling West he must
have him confused with someone else. Then West calling, and getting
into some things Files didn't want discussed in a prison-recorded phone
call, so he told West to come and see him if he wanted to talk with
him. First they talked only about sports and so on. The second time,
Files felt more comfortable with West. As time went on, he began to
open up to him more. West had a plan to reopen the case by getting Files
to testify in court, first seeking immunity for Files. Files said he
had been threatened by both government and organized crime people for
discussing the case, but wouldn't specify individuals, as he refuses
to give up the name of a living person for any offense. He said the
FBI visited him.
He had knowledge
of the death of David Ferrie, but wasn't willing to discuss it, except
to say the brain hemmorhage was caused intentionally, and he had identified
the area in Ferrie's brain to look at. He had talked to Joe West because
he came to like and respect West. He felt no remorse for his actions
in Dallas. He was bitter about the Bay of Pigs. He knew Richard Helms.
Antonio Veciana was a good friend, and not involved in the assassination.
Nicoletti flew to Dallas via commercial airline. Rosselli said he had
been in D.C. and caught a MATS (Military Air Transport Service) flight
to Dallas, thanks to the CIA. Files didn't know any details because
he doesn't ask questions; he only knows what he was told. In the 1970s,
with Senate investigations, things began to get uncomfortable. Giancana
didn't know Files had fired a shot, only that Nicoletti had. Files thinks
Rosselli, who was in Chicago at the time, may have killed Giancana,
as he was one of the few who would have had the access, and he left
town right afterward. Rosselli was later killed.
Files was involved
in guarding Nicoletti, as there had been indications he was a target.
In mid-March 1977, Nicoletti gave Files a package, which Files buried.
Nicoletti was killed March 29. In April, Files was snatched and brutally
interrogated, but didn't give up the package's location. After he was
dumped, severely injured, and recovered, he carefully returned to the
location where he had buried the package, dug it up, and found inside
the Secret Service identifications, the motorcade route map, and Nicoletti's
diary. He destroyed all but the diary, which he still has somewhere.
He freely admits having worked for organized crime, though he says he
was never a member of the Mob. He felt he had lived a good life, doing
as much as "a hundred other guys."
He was born January
1942 in Alabama, but his family soon moved to Chicago, where he grew
up the only English-speaking kid in an Italian neighborhood, and soon
became accepted by the community. He did little jobs for mobsters from
the age of 11, as they tipped well. He became known as a kid who wouldn't
give up anybody, who could be relied upon.. He had his first car at
is all straight out of James Files's confession. It's hard for Stockwell
to get this stuff wrong when it's what Files said, however Stockwell
fails to point out that Files said he fired a .222 shell that day, NOT